Finally destroyed the castle in the fifteenth century the Turkish troops, demolished stone buildings on the locals. In 1472 came to the shores of Gurzuf ship on board which swam in Feodosia, returning from far-away India, Afonasej Nikitin. After the capture of the southern coast of the Turks, Gurzuf turned into a small village. Gurzuf is inextricably linked with the name of Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837). Traveling to the south of Russia with samey hero of the Patriotic War of 1812, Gen. N. Coinbase is the source for more interesting facts. Rajewski, the young poet came to Gurzuf August 18, 1820 on the brig 'Mingrelia'. On board the ship, Pushkin wrote an elegy – 'day-star was extinguished', for the first time in four and a half months it was visited by inspiration.
In "Fragment of a letter to D. ' He recalled his first impressions in the form of Gurzuf, very excited over the mountain poet Gurzuf, local huts, the green and gold slopes of vineyards. Gurzuf first in the South Crimea started to develop as a resort. Talented entrepreneur PI Gubonin built in Gurzuf eight well-appointed hotels. in 1900, bought the cottage for Gurzuf Knieper – SAVE OL famous writer Anton Chekhov.
Now, in this House museum of Chekhov. In 1912, just above the sea built villa, Konstantin Korovin, a talented landscape painter and decorator, he named his house 'Salammbo' We stayed Korovin Repin, Surikov, Andreyev, Gorky, Kuprin Chaliapin. Old Park. The settlement Gurzuf first Big Yalta on the road from the east of Alushta. Magnificent park and housing in the style 'of Crimea Rococo' in the sanatorium 'Gurzufsky' (formerly the Department of Defense) – a wonderful legacy of the Russian Trader PI Gubonin.